Beijing is one of the regions in China with a long history of brewing. To this day, there are still three alleys named after liquor production during the Ming and Qing dynasties. The traditional brewing technique of Erguotou liquor is an important representative of Beijing's brewing techniques. It originated in the Yuan and Ming dynasties and was formed in the 19th year of the Kangxi reign of the Qing dynasty (1680). In 1949, the government implemented a monopoly on liquor, and the Huabei Liquor Industry Experiment Factory took over 12 old distilleries. In 1951, the "Red Star" Erguotou trademark was registered, fully inheriting the traditional brewing technique of Beijing's Erguotou liquor.
Niulanshan is an ancient town in northern Beijing, located at the foot of the Yan Mountains, where the Chao and Baihe rivers converge. It has abundant underground water resources with good water quality, making it suitable for brewing. In the early Qing dynasty, the brewing industry in Niulanshan was already well developed. After hundreds of years of development, Niulanshan Erguotou liquor gradually became a unique and distinctive type of northern Chinese light aroma liquor. In 1952, Niulanshan Distillery was established on the basis of old distilleries such as "Gongli" and "Fushuncheng," continuing to use traditional brewing techniques to produce Erguotou liquor.
The traditional brewing technique of Beijing's Erguotou liquor has been passed down from generation to generation through oral transmission and continuous development in production practice. It has gradually formed unique skills such as the "Old Five Zeng" fermentation, mixed steaming and mixed burning, flower watching and liquor receiving, and middle section liquor receiving. The traditional brewing technique of Beijing's Erguotou liquor embodies the wisdom of Beijing's brewing technicians and continues to play an irreplaceable role in the production of Erguotou liquor today. Beijing's Erguotou liquor has the characteristics of a light aroma, pure elegance, and a mellow taste. It has been popular throughout the country for a long time and exported to countries and regions such as the United States and Japan. The "Red Star" trademark has been rated as a "China Famous Trademark," and Beijing Red Star Co., Ltd. has been named a "China Time-Honored Brand."
Currently, the production of Beijing's Erguotou liquor is facing great challenges. The production base has been repeatedly relocated, and there are constant problems such as the impact of foreign liquor, shortage of talent, and infringement of intellectual property rights, which have made manufacturers exhausted. In response to this situation, reasonable protection measures should be promptly introduced to ensure the normal production of Beijing's Erguotou liquor and the complete inheritance of its traditional brewing techniques. In 2006, the brewing technique of Niu Lan Shan Erguotou liquor was selected as a representative project of non-material cultural heritage at the district level in Shunyi District, Beijing. In 2007, the traditional brewing technique of Beijing's Erguotou liquor (Niu Lan Shan Erguotou liquor brewing technique) was selected as a representative project of non-material cultural heritage at the municipal level in Beijing. In 2008, the traditional brewing technique of Beijing's Erguotou liquor was selected as a representative project of non-material cultural heritage at the national level in China.