Comrade Song Qingling's former residence was first built during the Kangxi period and was the west garden of the Nalan Mingzhu Mansion. Nalan Mingzhu's eldest son, Nalan Xingde, grew up here and spent his short life. He wrote many wonderful poems in this mansion, such as his five-character poem "Night Blooming Cereus," which was written about the two night blooming cereus trees in the garden of the former residence.
After Nalan Mingzhu passed away, the mansion was taken over by Heshen and later given to Prince Yongxing by Emperor Jiaqing. It was then heavily modified and rebuilt according to the regulations of the prince's mansion and became known as the Prince's Mansion. During the Guangxu period, the Prince's Mansion was renamed the Prince Chun Mansion. The famous West Mansion Begonia in the former residence was planted by the first Prince Chun, Yihuan.
Comrade Song Qingling moved here in April 1963 and worked, studied, and lived here until her death on May 29, 1981. In October of the same year, it was named "Comrade Song Qingling's Former Residence, Honorary Chairman of the People's Republic of China" by the state and opened to the public on May 29 of the following year.
The garden has a winding waterway, rugged rocks, a variety of flowers and trees, and lush grass. The pavilions and terraces are scattered throughout, forming a harmonious whole, making it an elegant and peaceful courtyard.
The main building of the two-story Chinese-Western fusion architecture to the west of the ancient building complex is Comrade Song Qingling's residence (built later), which also serves as an office and reception area. It is called the main building and has original exhibits on display. Between the building complex and the South Lake is a lawn, and on the south bank of the South Lake is a two-story building from the Ming Dynasty called the Nanlou.
Address: No. 46, North Bank of Houhai, Xicheng District, Beijing.