Intangible Cultural Heritage| Beijing Jade Carving


Beijing Jade Carving, also known as "Beijing Jade", is a jade carving technique that has been handed down in Beijing. It was originated in the Yuan Dynasty, and its originator was the Quanzhen Taoist priest Qiu Chuji. In the Ming Dynasty, the imperial workshop set up the jade workshop, where jade masters from all over the country were brought together, and the palace jade carving industry in Beijing thus flourished. During the Qing Dynasty, jade carving was popular in Beijing, and the craft reached its historical peak. After the founding of New China, the jade carving industry in Beijing developed rapidly and there were once several thousand people, with a great variety of talents and new and surprising techniques. The four jadeites, national treasures, made during this period are of the highest artistic standard and have been honored by the State Council.

The artistic value is the main value of Beijing jade carving reflected in four aspects.

The first is the beauty of material quality. The infectious power of jade-quality beauty lies in the color, luster, and texture of the jade. Jade is the essence of stone, with its delicate texture, magnificent color, and moist and smooth feel. The jade materials used in Beijing jade carving are usually of the highest quality. For example, Nephrite, which is delicate and soft, lustrous and oily, reflects the beauty of subtlety and introversion.

The second is the beauty of craftsmanship. Beijing jade carving techniques are an important reflection of its artistic value. Through the shaping of various carving techniques, each piece of jade carving coalesces with a sense of beauty is either solemn, ethereal, gorgeous, or elegant. These beauties are reflected in the details of the jade carving, and the comfortable use of carving techniques shows the rich oriental artistic characteristics and the extreme level of carving techniques of Beijing jade carving.

The third is the beauty of jade modeling and ornamentation. The jade objects express the theme through modeling and ornamentation, which emphasize formal beauty. The jade ornamentation shows the laws of unity and diversity, balance and symmetry, proportion and stability, rhythm and repetition, harmony and contrast, hierarchy and space, etc., giving people a sense of beauty.

The fourth is that jade carvers combine the shape and color of jades with the theme of creation and achieve the perfect artistic effect.