Tour of the Cultural Heritage, Great Wall | Second Stop, Mutianyu Great Wall


The ancient history and peculiar landscapes make the Mutianyu Great Wall become the essence of the Great Wall of China. It enjoys the reputation of “Mutianyu is a unique scenery of the Great Wall”. With a total length of 5,400 meters, Mutianyu Great Wall is the longest section of the Great Wall in China. It is also one of the most famous sixteen scenic spots in Beijing and a national 5A-level tourist attraction.

The construction of the Mutianyu Great Wall has its unique style, and the three watchtowers stand side by side on the Zhengguan Terrace, which is rare in the Great Wall. In the northwest, there are Great Wall landscapes commonly known as “Bull's Horn”, “Arrow Buckle” and “Eagle Flying Belly Up”, which are steep and undulating, like a flying dragon.

Zhengguan Terrace: Zhengguan Terrace, also known as Mutianyu Pass and “San Zuo Lou” (three buildings), built in the second year of the Yongle period of the Ming dynasty (1404 AD), has three watchtowers standing side by side. They are divided into upper and lower floors, the middle part is larger, and the two sides are smaller. And the three watchtowers are connected on each floor, forming the pattern of the main hall with side rooms, which is very rare in the entire Great Wall architecture.

Enemy Watchtower: The watchtowers of Mutianyu Great Wall are dense. From Muzi Yitai (Dajiaolou) to Muzi Sitai (Zhengguan Terrace), less than 500 meters, there are 4 watchtowers; From Muzi Yitai to Muzi Er’shitai, the length is only 3,000 meters, and there are 25 watchtowers, watch platforms, wall platforms, and houses. This section of the Great Wall with a watchtower of about 100 meters is also rare.

Double-sided battlements: Mutianyu Great Wall has double-sided battlements. Battlement walls are mainly built outside the Great Wall on most of the other sections, but the Mutianyu section has battlements on both sides, and the battlement wall is the bunker for the defenders to fight against the enemy. The two battlement walls mean that the two sides can be used to fight the enemy at the same time, which shows the important strategic position of the Mutianyu Great Wall in history. 

Branch cities: The inner and outer branch cities coexist in the Mutianyu Great Wall. Branch City, that is, the wall built outside the main Great Wall according to the terrain and the needs of the war. The outer branch of Mutianyu is outside of the main city wall, connecting the wall of Muzi Shiyitai; The inner branch city is the walls of the large corner tower which extend to the south, called "Tu Wei Ba Bian" (bald tail).

“Bull’s Horn”: The Mutianyu Great Wall is running northwest, passing the No. 20 watchtower, from the gentle southern slope to the top of the thousand-meter-high northern cliff, and climbing to the top of the 1039-meter-high mountain. Built a watchtower at the top of the mountain, it turns over and goes straight down the edge of the cliff, bypasses the valley, folds down the opposite mountain beam, and meanders to the west. The Great Wall flies up and down and its shape resembles a bull's horn, strong and majestic, so people call it “Bull’s Horn”.

“Eagle Flying Belly Up”: The Mutianyu Great Wall has a rising cliff on one side and a steep slope with an angle greater than 70 degrees on the other. You can climb from one side of the pinnacle to the summit and descend vertically from the other side. The height difference is ten meters. Each step is only a few fingers wide and barely fits a foot. Therefore, it is named as “Eagle Flying Belly Up” to describe the danger of the slope that even the eagle must be on its back to fly over.

At present, only 3,000 meters are open to the public, characterized by battlements on both sides of the Great Wall. The wall is well-preserved, which better reflects the ancient charm of the Great Wall.

Located at the foot of the Great Wall, China Dream Stone City covers an area of 33,000 square meters and boasts more than 20,000 strange stone boutiques from all over the country, including "the world's first stone", "horses galloping stone", "Roc spreading wings stone", "jade peak into the clouds stone", "five old peaks stone" and many other strange stone landscapes.

Address: Mutianyu Village, Bohai Town, Huairou District, Beijing